The most commonly used graphic formats every designer should know

Graphic designers are often required to submit their work in various formats depending on the clients’ desires. It also depends on the purpose and structure of the design. Hence designers must have an in-depth knowledge of several formats. Otherwise, they might end up in serious trouble. You can become a versatile performer if you know all the available formats so that you can steer around and never have to worry about submitting your projects in any format. Here are a few of the most commonly used graphic design formats that every designer must be familiar with.

PNG (Portable Network Graphics)

This is perhaps one of the most commonly used formats. In this particular format, files have the extension .png and are mostly used when dealing with photos and are used widely on several projects that are meant for websites because of their low resolution. It is essential to mention here that files in this particular format can have a transparent background.

TIF (Tagged Image File Format)

Tagged Image Format is predominantly used in professional environments and commercial printing and is also a widely supported format across many platforms. It offers high-quality images and is considered to be superior to other available formats.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)

GIF is quite common, and you indeed must’ve come across it on the internet. It is known to have low resolutions and is mostly used for email purposes and websites. Most browsers support this format, and they usually are compressed so that they are small in size.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

Another commonly used format, JPEG, is a compressed image file that does not provide a transparent background. The levels of compression vary, but too much of it can damage the quality of such images.

PSD (Photoshop Document)

If you are familiar with Photoshop, then you must have come across this format. This format can be created using Adobe Photoshop and is used by many designers, and it can be layered up using various techniques, making it one of the best-used formats.

AI (Adobe Illustrator)

Adobe Illustrator is also another very commonly used format by designers across the world. This particular format can be created using Adobe Illustrator and is mostly preferred by sign and banner companies, promotional product companies.

PDF (Portable Document Format)

PDF is a widely used and very popular graphic design format that can preserve several fonts, graphics, and images irrespective of the original application used to create them. These files can be accessed, shared, and printed using any free adobe reader. They are suitable to be used in commercial, digital, or desktop printing.

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript)

It is mostly used by designers to transfer artwork or images and can be resized as well. They can be opened using any application like Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, or Freehand, and they are mostly preferred by sign and banner companies, third-party creatives, and others.

These are some of the used graphic design formats, and knowing about them can help you with your future tasks. Some of universal file converters allow you to switch between these formats without opening any Adobe software, which saves much time. For example, It’s simple and also free of charge.

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About the author

Adam V. Quillen is a photographer and graphic designer.

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